Dr. Jim Martin 06/08/2016

eye-surgery.pngCataracts are a common eye disorder and often develop as we age. The symptoms of early cataract development may be effectively treated with new eyeglasses, better lighting or anti-glare sunglasses, but when a cataract begins to interfere with your everyday activities, then surgery is needed to remove it.


What Happens During Cataract Surgery?

Cataract surgery is an outpatient procedure that typically takes less than an hour. If you have cataracts in both eyes, each eye will be treated at separate times, from a month to two months apart. The procedure involves making a small incision in the lens of the eye, with the opening used to remove the cloudy lens. A lens implant is then inserted after the defected lens has been removed. There are two types of cataract surgery:

Phacoemulsification (phaco)
During the type of procedure, an incision is made in your eye's cornea, the surface that covers the front of your eye. A tiny probe that emits ultrasound waves that break up the lens so that it can be removed is inserted into this opening. This procedure is how most cataract surgery is done today.

Extracapsular Surgery
A longer incision is made on the cornea during this procedure, and the cloudy core of the lens is removed in one piece. The rest of the lens is removed by suction.

In both types of surgery, an artificial lens called an intraocular lens (IOL) is implanted to replace the natural lens. This lens becomes a permanent part of your eye, and focuses light clearly on your retina to improve your vision.

Is Cataract Surgery Painful?

Cataract surgery is virtually painless. If you choose to remain awake during surgery an anesthetic will be used to numb the nerves in and around your eye. Some people choose to be put to sleep. In the vast majority of cases, you will go home the same day.

What Happens After Surgery?

Some itching and mild discomfort is normal after cataract surgery. There may also be a fluid discharge. Discomfort should cease after one or two days.

The eye professionals at Broome Optical of Amarillo diagnose and treat cataracts, as well as other types of eye disorders and diseases.  If you have questions or concerns about your eye health, call Broome Optical to make an appointment today.

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