Can Macular Degeneration Be Prevented?

Dr. Mai-Vy Hoang 02/07/2018

eating-salad.pngAt present, there is no cure for age-related macular degeneration (AMD); however, you can take certain steps to lower your risk of developing it.

It is especially important that you take these steps if you have a family history of AMD. Remember, it is the most common cause of permanent blindness among the elderly.

Steps For Preventing AMD

Stop Smoking

Smoking is the main factor in the prevention of macular degeneration. Studies show that the likelihood of developing the condition quadruples for smokers. They also show that people who have smoked in the past have almost double the risk when compared to people who have never smoked.

Eat Your Greens

It is important that you have a diet full of dark, leafy greens as they may help to prevent the condition. People who eat vegetables rich in carotenoids have a 43 percent lower risk of AMD according to research. Greens with high levels of carotenoids include kale and raw spinach. Along with greens, fruits and nuts are also important. Studies also show that people who eat at least three servings of fruit on a daily basis have a lower risk of advanced age-related macular degeneration.

Eat More Fish

Research suggests that men who consume more fish have a considerably lower chance of developing AMD when compared to men who eat relatively low amounts of fish.

Take The Right Nutritional Supplements

Diet alone may not be enough to delay the onset of AMD. Along with eating the right foods, it is good to make sure that you are getting the right nutrients by taking a multivitamin. Another option is to consider a supplement with beta-carotene, vitamin C and other antioxidants.

Routine Eye Examinations

By getting your eyes examined regularly, you may be able to find out if you are at risk for AMD. Eye exams may also help you to detect the condition in the early stages. When you catch it early, it is often possible to delay the loss of vision.


Obesity is a factor in AMD. A person with a body mass index greater than 30 is more than twice as likely to develop the condition compared to someone with a lower BMI. Along with reducing body fat, exercise can reduce blood pressure. High blood pressure is another factor in the condition. It causes the blood vessels that provide nourishment to the retina to narrow, limiting the flow of oxygen.

If you are concerned about AMD, contact us at Broome Optical in Amarillo today to schedule a checkup. Or, download our free infographic below to learn more about the symptoms of AMD.

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