Dr. Jim Martin 01/25/2016

business_uit_question_help.jpgGlaucoma is a term for various diseases that cause the eye's normal fluid pressure to rise and damage the optic nerve. The result can be vision loss and sometimes complete blindness. The most common form is open-angle glaucoma. Glaucoma is the main cause of blindness in the U.S.

1. Does Glaucoma Affect One Or Both Eyes?
In most cases, both eyes are affected by primary open-angle glaucoma; however, the condition may not develop in both eyes simultaneously. The damage may be more severe in one eye while the other eye has almost no damage or no damage at all. Eventually, both eyes will be affected by glaucoma. Acute angle-closure glaucoma can occur in one eye but the risk that the other eye will also be affected is in the 40 to 80 percent range.

Does Glaucoma Cause Pain?
Some forms of glaucoma, like acute angle-closure glaucoma, may include pain as a symptom along with blurred vision and redness, but most glaucoma patients have no symptoms until their vision loss has become severe.

Is My Blood Pressure Linked To My Eye Pressure?
Blood pressure is one of the factors that can affect eye pressure, but the connection is not as obvious as it first appears. The eye requires blood flow to supply nutrients and oxygen and for waste removal. If a person's blood pressure is low, their eyes may not be getting a sufficient flow of blood; this is especially likely if they have high eye pressure. The result is that their optic nerve may suffer damage over time.

Are There Hereditary-Based Risk Factors For Glaucoma?
Yes. If a sibling has glaucoma, there is a 65% chance of a patient contracting the disease as well. There may also be a high chance if other family members have the disease.

What Type Of Doctor Should I See About My Glaucoma?
You should visit an optometrist or ophthalmologist. You may need a referral to a glaucoma specialist in cases that are advanced.
If you would like to know more about glaucoma, talk to the doctors of optometry at Broome Optical. Call us today to set up an appointment.

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