5 Common Eye Disorders Among Children

Dr. Jim Martin 08/17/2016

childs-eyes.pngVision problems are common among school-age children and could hinder their progress in the classroom and in their activities. An estimated one in four children have vision problems that can affect their learning ability as well as social adjustment.

As a parent, it's important to understand the common types of eye disorders in children and seek fast, effective treatment when you suspect your child may suffer from one of them.

1. Nystagmus

Repetitive, uncontrolled movement of the eyes is a condition known as Nystagmus. These movements, which often result in reduced vision, can occur from side to side, up and down, or in a circular pattern. The end result is that neither eye is able to focus steadily on objects. Your child may exhibit unusual head nodding and unusual head positions to compensate for this condition.

2. Amblyopia

Amblyopia is commonly called lazy eye and affects up to 4% of all children. Amblyopia is most often caused by misaligned eyes. It's also caused by a condition known as anisometropia, which is an unequal refractive error.

3. Strabismus

Most commonly described as any misalignment of the eyes, strabismus affects an estimated 4% of the U.S. population. The brain receives two different visual images when the eyes are oriented in different directions, and this misalignment can lead to amblyopia in children.

4. Congenital Cataract

Newborns are rarely born with a congenital cataract, but it's a condition that calls for urgent treatment when it occurs. Immediate treatment is required such as surgical, optical correction or amblyopia therapy. Once considered almost untreatable, early surgical treatment has produced excellent visual results, but treatment results can still be poor due to delay in treatment, or poor adjustment to the contact lens or patching therapy of the other eye.

5. Accommodative Esotropia

This disorder refers to a crossing of the eyes due to farsightedness and is a type of strabismus. Accommodative esotropia can develop at anytime between four months to six years of age. The problem is usually controlled by wearing the appropriate glasses or contact lenses. In some cases, a bifocal lens is prescribed.

Visit Broome Optical in Amarillo for your child’s checkup. Early detection is the best start to treatment of eye disorders.

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