WHY DOES MY EYE HURT?

Dr. Jim Martin 10/26/2015

man_rubbing_eyes.jpgAt some point, all of us have experienced eye pain or soreness. While it often gets better on its own, eye pain can be a sign of more serious issues.

Moreover, eye pain can come with a variety of symptoms – from decreased vision, discharge, the feeling that something is in the eye, headaches, light sensitivity, and even nausea and vomiting. Symptoms can often be a clue to what's causing your pain.

Common Causes Of Eye Pain

Conjunctivitis
Also known as pink eye, this condition is the result of inflammation of the conjunctiva caused by allergies or infections (either viral, fungal, parasitic or bacterial). When the blood vessels in the conjunctiva become inflamed, the white part of the eye takes on a red color. Itchiness and discharge are other symptoms of conjunctivitis.

Glaucoma
One of the difficulties of glaucoma is that it usually has no early symptoms, although in some cases pressure rises suddenly and symptoms can include severe pain, nausea, vomiting, headaches and decreased vision. When these symptoms do occur, it becomes an emergency situation requiring immediate treatment.

Corneal Abrasions
When the cornea becomes scratched – whether it's from errant fingers, tree branches or other objects – it can become extremely painful. The good news is that corneal abrasions can be treated with antibiotic drops and the professional assistance of an eye doctor.

Corneal Infections
Also called keratitis, this occurs when the cornea becomes inflamed or infected.  Common causes are pink eye, severe dry eye, eye allergies, over-wearing contact lenses or by wearing lenses that haven't been properly cleaned and disinfected.
StyeThis painful infection is the result of an infection or inflammation of the edges of the eyelid caused from oil glands or eyelash hair follicles. It's typically a very localized and tender area on one eyelid.

Iritis/Uveitis
This condition is more uncommon and is caused by inflammation inside the eye. It can be triggered by trauma, infections or autoimmune conditions. Pain, red eye and decreased vision or often symptoms.

Foreign Bodies
This can be things lodged in the eye such as dirt, plant debris, wood fragments, or even a piece of a contact lens. More an irritant than anything else, they're usually rinsed out by tears or water.  If the pain persists then your eye care provider will need to evaluate you.

Sinusitis
When an infection develops in one of the sinus cavities, it can create pressure behind the eyes and cause pain on one or both sides.

Optic Neuritis
Optic Neuritis is the result of the nerve traveling from the back of the eye to brain becomes inflamed. Causes include multiple sclerosis or other autoimmune conditions. Loss of vision and pain are often symptoms.

If you're experiencing eye pain, or need to schedule an appointment with one of our elite team of doctors, contact Broome Optical in Amarillo.

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